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英语:特殊句式-倒装句19页

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特殊句式— 倒装句 倒装句是高考考查的重点句式之一。 我们应当熟记完全倒装、部分倒装 及特殊倒装结构的有关句式。 下面,我们就以下几个方面来对倒 装句进行讨论。 一、倒装句的概念 二、倒装句的类型 三、倒装结构的用法及注意点 四、倒装句*题精选 一、倒装句的概念 在英语中,正常语序为主语在前,谓语在后。如果将谓 语的全部或一部分提到主语的前面,这种语序就叫倒装。 e.g. : 1. The children rushed out. (正常语序) 2. Out rushed the children. (倒装语序) 3. Never shall I do the same thing again. (倒装语序) 二、倒装句的类型 1.完全倒装 完全倒装是指当某一特定的内容出现在句首时,将谓语 动词直接提前放在主语之前构成的倒装句型。 e.g. (1) In came the boy. (2) Away flew the bird. 注:1.完全倒装句中的主语一般是名词,而不是代词。 2.完全倒装句通常只用一般现在时和一般过去时。 e.g. (1) At the foot of the mountain lies a village.(完全倒装) (名词) (一般现在时) (2) Here you are. (不倒装) (代词) 2.部分倒装 部分倒装是指当某一特定内容出现在句首时, 不能将谓语动词直接提至主语前面,而须将谓语的 一部分(如助动词、连系动词be、情态动词等)放 在主语前面。 e.g.(1)Only then did we realize that the man was blind. (2) Little did he realize that we were in danger. 3. 特殊倒装结构(详见后) 三、倒装结构的用法及注意点 1、完全倒装(将主语和谓语完全交换位置) (1)一般疑问句句型(主系表结构) e.g. Is Mary a teacher? (2) 特殊疑问句句型(主系表结构) e.g. Who is that man ? (3) There be 句型(除be之外,能与there 连用的动词还有 seem, exist, happen, appear , live, stand等) e.g. ① There are 50 students in the class. ② There stands a tall tree in front of the house. (4)表示地点、方向等的介词短语位于句首, 且主语为名词时,用完全倒装 e.g. ① Near the river was a pine tree. ②In the house lives an old man . 注:这个句型中谓语动词大多为be, sit, live, lie, stand, rise, go , come 等。 (5)当副词here, there, up, down, out, off, back, in , now, then, away等位于句首, 且主语为名词时,用完全倒装。 e.g. ① There goes the bell. ② Now comes the bus. (6)当句子中作表语的形容词、过去分词等较短,而主语相 对比较长,为了保持句子*衡而将表语前置时,句子的主谓 语也应完全倒装。 e.g. ① Gone are the days when they could do what they liked to the Chinese people. ② Present at the meeting were some scientists from China. (7)表示感叹、祝愿的句子 e.g. ① Isn’t it interesting! 真有趣! ② May you succeed! 祝您成功! ③ Long live the people! 人民万岁! (8) 直接引语的一部分或全部位于句首,主句用完 全倒装 e.g. “ You’d better do it at once”, said his mother. 注: 这种用法中常用谓语动词为say, think, ask, cry等。 (9) 为使上下文紧密衔接,可用完全倒装 e.g. We saw a house over there, in front of which stood an apple tree. 我们看见那边有一所房子, 房子前边有一棵苹果树。 2.部分倒装(只将谓语动词的一部分,如助动词,连系动词 be,情态动词等放在句首) (1)一般疑问句句式(主谓宾结构) e.g. Did he tell you the news yesterday? (2)特殊疑问句句型(主谓宾结构) e.g. Why can’t I smoke here? (3)否定词或半否定词, 如never, seldom, hardly, rarely, not, nor, neither, little, scarcely, not until, nowhere, not only, nothing, no sooner(…than), at no time, by no means, on no condition, in no case等位于句首时,用部分倒装。 e.g. ① Never have I seen such a performance. ② Little does he realize the danger he is in. ③ Not only will help be given to the people to find jobs, but also medical treatment will be provided for the



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